The Month of Muharram

December 30, 2008

By Mufti Taqi Usmani

Facts About Muharram

  • Muharram is one of the four sacred Months out of twelve. The other being Dhul-Qa’dah, Dhul-Hijjah,and Rajab.
  • These four months have been sacred since the creation of universe – as told by Allah Subhana Watala in the Quran.
  • After Ramadan, fasting in the month of Muharram is most rewardable.
  • Muharram is a sacred month NOT because the grandson of Prophet Muhammad (saw) was martyred in this month. It is sacred because Allah made it sacred along with three other months and told us about it in the Quran.

Facts about Ashurah – The 10th of Muharram

  • Fasting on the 10th Muharram i.e. Ashura was obligatory on the Muslims before the fasts of Ramadan were made obligatory.
  • Fasting on the 10th of Muharram expiates the sins of the previous year.
  • Musa (as) and the Bani Israel were saved from the Pharaoh by the parting of the sea on 10th Muharram.
  • Prophet Musa (as) as a sign of gratitute to Allah used to fast on the day of Ashura and Jews did the same.
  • Prophet Muhammad (saw) on hearing the fast of Musa (as) also ordered the Muslims to fast on this day and himself did the same.
  • Prophet Muhammad (saw) decided to fast on 9th Muharram as well to differentiate from the Jews but he passed away before he could do so.

Misconceptions about Ashura

  • This is the day Prophet Adam (as) was created
  • This is the day when Allah accepted the repentance of Adam (as)
  • This is the day when Ibrahim (as) was born.
  • This is the day the Qayamat (doomsday) will occur. (From hadiths we know Qayamat will occur on a friday, but does not specify which month)
  • Whoever baths of Ashura will never get ill.
  • Muharram is an evil or unlucky month (due to the battle of Karbala)
  • Marriages should not be held in Muharram.

All of the above are misconceptions based on unauthentic traditions. This misconception can be easily removed by the fact that on the exact same day Husain (ra) was martyred, years ago Prophet Musa as and his followers were saved from Pharaoh, which is why Prophet Muhammad saw observed the fast on Ashura and ordered the Muslims to do the same. The day can not be lucky or unlucky at the same time.

Historical Facts about Muharram

  • Companion Umar Farooq (ra) succumbed to his injuries and attained Martyrdom on the 1st of Muharram, 23 AH (After Hijri)
  • Grandson of Prophet Muhammad (saw) Hussain ibn Ali (ra) along with most of his family members was martyred in the desert of Kerbala in Iraq on the 10th of Muharram.

Authentic Ibadaat (Worship) of Muharram

  • Fasting in Muharram (any day)
  • Fasting on 10th Muharram and combining it with the fast of 9th Muharram to distinguish from the Jews.

Innovations and things to avoid in Muharram

  • Preparing special dishes meals in Muharram.
  • Holding lamentation and mourning ceremonies in the memory of martyrdom of Sayyidna Husain (ra)
  • Cursing the companions.
  • Wearing black clothes and starving and refusing to drink in memory of Husain (ra)

Source: http://www.albalagh.net
Related: What’s So Special About Muharram?

Alhamdulillah, we are now in the blessed month of Muharram!  Insh’Allah, don’t forget to fast the 9th of Muharram (Tues, Jan 6 2009) and the Day of Ashura (Wed, Jan 7 2009).  Insh’Allah, my dates are accurate but please double-check them in your locality!

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14 Responses to “The Month of Muharram”

  1. hammad Says:

    I don’t think Taqi Usmani said any of the following:
    # Holding lamentation and mourning ceremonies in the memory of martyrdom of Sayyidna Husain (ra)
    # Cursing the companions.
    # Wearing black clothes and starving and refusing to drink in memory of Husain (ra)

  2. hammad Says:

    Sorry It says innovations.. I misread!!

  3. Qasim Says:

    Fasting in Muharram is an innovation, a bidaah followed by the followers of the jews. A look at the tradition about this fast makes clear its fabricated nature. First of all- it supposes that the Prophet of Islam was ignorant enough and learnt stuff from jews (leading some credence to the claim that quran was copied from jewish sources (sic)). Second, the prophet died the very next year he is supposed to have instructed people to fast (you admit this), so he never fasted himself. Third and most important of all – the jews of Medina followed a calander that is different from the hijri calander, so even if the day of Ashura coincided with the jewish fast in an year in prophets lifetime – does it mean that Ashura was the day that Moses really fasted?

  4. Abdul Basit Says:

    Are we aloud to fast on the 10th and 11th of Muharram or not?


  5. Abdul Basit,

    Yes, it is permissible to fast the 10th and 11th, insh’Allah.

  6. Aaminah Says:

    this imam tariq says his sentences all muddled up oh forget it i chat rubbish not the imam.cause i only came on this website because it has info on muharram

  7. rai Says:

    please put up some more facts


  8. assalamuallaykum, sorry but what did the above person say?


  9. assalamuallaykum i just went on this website and before when i went on this website it had a load of scrumbled words but i dont think it is there any more has anybody removed it, im sorry but why does it have a singles advert in the middle of the page jazakallahhu khaira


  10. this is the bestt website i have ever used

  11. Anonymous Says:

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  12. Anonymous Says:

    assalamuallaykum Fasting in Muharram is an innovation, a bidaah followed by the followers of the jews. A look at the tradition about this fast makes clear its fabricated nature. First of all- it supposes that the Prophet of Islam was ignorant enough and learnt stuff from jews (leading some credence to the claim that quran was copied from jewish sources (sic)). Second, the prophet died the very next year he is supposed to have instructed people to fast (you admit this), so he never fasted himself. Third and most important of all – the jews of Medina followed a calander that is different from the hijri calander, so even if the day of Ashura coincided with the jewish fast in an year in prophets lifetime – does it mean that Ashura was the day that Moses really fasted?
    so please follow this message boys and girls and you will get a good reputaion in your life
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    please follow this message to other people and do this and other people will follow you oh and read nammaz


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