Al-Qada wal-Qadar

May 29, 2007

Al-Qadar (literally meaning knew, predetermined, and planned perfectly) is Allah’s complete Knowledge, Writing in the Safe Tablet, and Willing of all things before their existence.  Al-Qada (literally meaning judged, ordained, and executed perfectly) is defined as Allah’s creation of all things by His Command and Will.  There are five pillars of Al-Qada wal-Qadar:

  1. Al-Ilm a.k.a. Allah’s Knowledge as this includes Allah’s knowledge of what would have happened for things that never happen (i.e. if this would have happened, then the outcome would have been…).  Proofs for Allah’s Knowledge can be found in the Holy Quran: “Verily Allah is the All-Knower of everything” (Translation of the Meaning of the Holy Quran, 8:75) and “Allah indeed encompasses all things in (His) Knowledge” (Translation of the Meaning of the Holy Quran, 65:12).  Allah’s Knowledge comes under Qadar as it is part of the planning.
  2. Al-Kitabah a.k.a. the Writing as the proof for this is included in the ayat: “Do you not know that Allah knows all that is in the Heaven and on earth?  Verily, it is all in the Book.  Verily, that is easy for Allah” (Translation of the Meaning of the Holy Quran, 22:70).  Furthermore, Rasoolullah (SAW) said, “Allah had written the ordained measures (and due proportions) of the creation fifty-thousand years before the creation of the heavens and the earth, and His Arsh was on the water” (as narrated in Muslim).  The Writing falls under the category of Qadar as it is part of the planning.
  3. Allah’s Mashee’ah a.k.a. the Will of Allah (SWT) as the Holy Quran states “If Allah willed He would have made you one nation, but that He may test yo in what He has given you…” (Translation of the Meaning of the Holy Quran, 5:48) and “…(Allah) hast power over all things” (Translation of the Meaning of the Holy Quran, 3:26).  Some people divide Allah’s Mashee’ah into two categories.  The first category is that which is general as it is before a creation exists as this comes under Qadar (planned).  The second category is that which is specific (on individuals) while a creation exists as this comes under Qada (executed).
  4. Al-Amr a.k.a. the Command as the Holy Quran states “Verily, His Command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says to it, ‘Be!’ and it is!” (Translation of the Meaning of the Holy Quran).  Al-Amr comes under the category of Qada as it is part of the execution.
  5. Al-Khalq a.k.a. the Creation as the Holy Qurans states “Verily Allah is the Creator of everything…” (Translation of the Meaning of the Holy Quran).  Al-Khalq also comes under the category of Qada as it too is part of the execution.

Insha’Allah, I will try to write several posts in the future about beliefs in predestination.

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2 Responses to “Al-Qada wal-Qadar”

  1. nurdeen Says:

    Assalaamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuhu
    Dear brother in Deen
    I’ve learnt a lot from your AbdurRahman.org ,
    We chineses Muslim brother want to get some papers about Qadar:
    “Pre Recording Not Fate or Predestination”(or “Fate:Al Qada Wal Qadar”),by Saeed Ismaeel
    “Fate and Predestination” by Shaykh Muhammad Nttwalli AL-Sha’rawi
    Coluld you kindly send their copies to me?
    Wasalaam


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