The Greatest Fiqh

May 1, 2007

“I have created only jinn and man that they may serve me” (Translation of the Meaning of the Holy Quran, 51:56) 

Imam Abu Haneefa referred to aqeedah as al-Fiqh al-Akbar (The Greatest Fiqh).  Tawheed involves believing that Allah is one and unique in His Lordship (Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah), His Names and Attributes (Tawheed Asma-wa-Siffat), and His Right to be worshipped (Tawheed al-Uluhiyyah).  What is the importance of Tawheed?

  1. Purpose of creation (Surat Dhariyat, 51:56)
  2. Reason for sending prophets (Surat Nahl, 16:36) and revealing books (Surat Nahl, 16:2)
  3. Differentiates between Muslims and Kaafirs (Surat Taghabun, 64:2)
  4. Following Tawheed is a cause of peace and contentment in this life and hereafter (Surat Taha, 20:100)
  5. First call that we have commanded to do (Surat Baqarah, 2:21)
  6. Right of Allah over us (need citation)
  7. Cause for entrance to Paradise (need citation)
  8. Forgives all sins; prevents fire of hell (need citation)
  9. Dangers of its opposites (Surat Nisa, 4:48)

The entire Quran is only a call to Tawheed telling us about Allah (His Names and Attributes), commanding us to worship Allah, telling us of commandments or prohibitions from Allah, narrating the rewards of the people of Tawheed (past or future), and narrating the puninshments of the people of deny Tawheed (past or future). 

What is Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah?  It entails understanding the Lordship of Allah (SWT).  Allah is our true and complete Owner, the One who is obeyed, the One who alone nourishes and takes care of everything.  Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah is the affirmation of Allah in His actions.  Proofs for Ruboobiyyah include creation (Surat Luqman, 31:11), the fitrah (Surat Hajj, 22:73), signs of the creation (Surat Baqarah, 2:164), the innate feeling of helplessness and turning to a creator (Surat Yunus, 10:12), and the sending of prophets and the revelation of books (Surat Ankaboot, 29:67).

The question becomes: is Ruboobiyyah alone sufficient?  The answer is NO!  This can be better understood by studying the religion of the Jahiliyyah Arabs.  The mushrikoon of the time of Rasoolullah (SAW) believed in Allah and His ownership!

  1. The mushrikoon believed that Allah was All-Powerful (Surat Ankaboot, 29:61-63; Surat Zukhruf, 43:87; Surat Muminoon, 23:84-89)
  2. They believed in Allah, yet committed shirk (Surat Yusuf, 12:106)
  3. Their excuse in their worship (Surat Yunus, 10:18 & Surat Zumur, 39:3)
  4. They would still turn to Allah in times of distress (Surat Ankaboot, 29:65 & Surat Luqman, 31:32)
  5. They rejected the pure worship of Allah (Tawheed al-Uloohiyyah) and not the Lordship of Allah (Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah) (Surat Saffat, 37:35)

The Jahiliyyah Arabs used to believe that Allah would be too hard to please.  They would use idols to get to Allah.  Just as these people would go through idols to get to Allah, we now see many Muslims going through saints or imams to get to Allah.  However, this is not permissible!  Understanding the religion of the Jahiliyyah Arabs eradicates modern shirk!  Ruboobiyyah necessitates Uloohiyyah.  How can one admit that Allah is the true Lord and yet direct acts of worship to other than Allah?

Note that the posts in my aqeedah series will, insha’Allah come from my notes from Shaykh Yasir Qadhi’s classes.


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